Port automation includes a wide range of automation technologies applied to cranes, Containers
, handling equipment, trucks, gates, and reporting processes to improve the throughput and accuracy of port operations. Sensors help to connect different elements of port infrastructure together to enable data-analytics, increase the visibility of data, and support timely business decision making. Real-time analytics are also used to run smart operations and to automates decisions, such as cargo status, paperwork status, availability of port facilities, shipment arrivals, and shipment schedules. Connectivity infrastructure optimizes the flow of information to manage trade flow efficiently as they can connect remotely with other ports to ensure seamless import and export processes. Some automation systems have extended to include sensors to gather data on water, temperature, visibility, and wind speed to manage traffic more efficiently at the port. These external environment factors can be used to predict the best time to have a ship arrive and depart the port, according to the maximum cargo load and other factors.