Energy management systems (EMS) enable operators of electric utility grids to monitor, control, and optimize the performance of power generation, storage, and transmission. These systems collect energy measurement data from utility infrastructure and customers to leverage applications that determine the most cost-effective configuration of power production, transmission, and distribution throughout the network, considering the required criteria for system stability, safety, and reliability. An EMS typically provides the information and computation capability to perform real-time network analyses, to provide strategies for controlling system energy flows, and to determine the most economical mix of power generation, power purchases, and sales. Wide area management control is used in digital grids to provide real-time data for applications to provide context-specific insights. It collects data that are visually synchronized with GPS signals and maps, analyzes data based on key criterion, provides real-time evaluation of voltage stabilization and minimum load shutdown of the capital area, and forecasts system issues through real-time analysis. These analysis and information can be used to make decisions and control the system in real time, improving system liability and avoiding blackouts during faults.
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